Health and safety law applies to all businesses, however small. Every employer has a legal responsibility to protect the health and safety of their staff and others - such as customers and members of the public - who may be affected by their work activities.
Health and safety duties also extend to the self-employed and employees.
Starting a new business can be daunting, and you may be unsure how to start managing health and safety in your workplace. The following points take you through your legal responsibilities.
A health and safety policy is a plan detailing how you are going to manage health and safety in your business. It is a document that defines who does what, when and how they do it.
If your business employs less than five people you are not legally required to have a written health and safety policy statement. However, you must still ensure that you work safely, and a written policy can help you do this.
Employers have a legal duty to display the Health and Safety Executive's (HSE) Law poster in each workplace or provide each worker with a copy of the equivalent leaflet.
The poster includes basic health and safety information and lets people know who is responsible for health and safety in your workplace.
You must display the poster where your workers can easily read it, and it must be in a readable condition.
If your employees get injured or become ill as a result of their work in your employment, they may try to claim compensation from you if they think you are responsible.
Employers' Liability Insurance ensures that you have a minimum level of insurance cover against such claims.
The Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare) Regulations 1992 cover a wide range of basic health, safety and welfare issues and apply to most workplaces (with the
exception of those workplaces involving construction work on construction sites, those in or on a ship, or those below ground at a mine).
They are amended by the Quarries Regulations 1999, the Health and Safety (Miscellaneous Amendments) Regulations 2002, the Work at Height Regulations 2005, and the Construction
(Design and Management) Regulations 2007.
As an employer there is a legal requirement to report certain accidents or incidents under the Reporting of Injuries Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995 (RIDDOR). This system must only be used by employers or their representatives.
You need to report deaths, major injuries, accidents resulting in over seven day injury, diseases, dangerous occurrences and gas incidents.
You must keep a record of any reportable injury, disease or dangerous occurrence. This must include:
You can keep the record in any form you wish. It is recommended that you use your accident book to record this information.
By law, employers must consult all of their employees on health and safety matters. Businesses can become more efficient and reduce the number of accident and work-related illnesses.
Some workers who are self-employed, for example for tax purposes, are classed as employed under health and safety law.
You are legally required to provide training for your employees to ensure they know how to work safely and without risks to health. They must know:
As an employer or a self employed person, you will need to keep yourself up to date with your legal duties and know how to identify hazards and control risks arising from your work.
Smoking is prohibited in all enclosed or substantially enclosed public places and workplaces and is an offence to:
For more information visit Smoke free Preston.
Fire safety is enforced primarily by Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service, and should you require further help or advise you should contact them.
You may also need to contact other council services such as business rates to find out how to pay your national non domestic rates, (NNDR) and Business waste and recycling to find out how to dispose of your trade waste.