Before the 1972 Act became operative County and Borough Councils had two categories of Members - Councillors and Aldermen. The Aldermen were chosen not by the electorate but by the Councillors.
Aldermen constituted one-quarter of a council except in the Greater London Council and the London Boroughs where the proportion was one-sixth. They were elected for a six-year term, and half were elected each third year: in counties the triennial aldermanic elections were held in the same year as the election of Councillors.
Aldermen were usually selected from among existing Councillors, but not necessarily so: the legal requirement was that an Alderman should be qualified to be a Councillor on the local authority. Thus it was possible to give a council entirely fresh Members through the aldermanic system.
It was introduced into the Municipal Corporations Act, 1835, at the insistence of the House of Lords, to try and strengthen the link between the reformed elected Councils and the traditions of the ancient chartered corporations. The institution of Aldermen was also supported as a device to secure some greater continuity of policy and personnel.
The Maud Committee on Management urged that the office of Aldermen be abolished. Subsequently both main political parties accepted this advice in spite of opposition from the Association of Municipal Corporations.
The position of Alderman was finally abolished under the Local government Act 1972 in 1974.
In recognition of the position Aldermen used to play in Council life, Section 249 of the Local Government Act states that the Council may confer the title of Honorary Alderman on any person who, in the opinion of the Council, has rendered eminent services to the Council as a past Member of the Council.
The award must be the subject of a resolution passed by not less than two thirds of the Members present at a meeting specially convened for that purpose.
The Council periodically reviews its policies. A meeting of full Council held on 30 January 2020, the Honorary Alderman policy was amended to include the title of Honorary Alderwoman.
Essentially, the offer of appointment to Honorary Alderman/Alderwoman may only be made in respect of former Members having a minimum of 15 years service as an elected member of this authority.
Any former Member who qualifies will then be considered by the Honours Task Group established to consider whether that person meets the criteria.
A conferment ceremony would then take place at an extraordinary meeting of the full Council at which the formal resolution under section 249 of the Local Government Act 1972 would be passed (the decision to be subject to a minimum two-thirds majority).
Please see the the list below to see the full list of former Members of the Council who have been appointed as Honorary Aldermen/Honorary Alderwomen of the City of Preston.
|John Swindells||30 January 2020|
|Neil Cartwright||30 January 2020|
|Bobby Cartwright||13 December 2018|
|Christine Abram||13 December 2018|
|John Collins||18 October 2018|
|Margaret McManus||18 October 2018|
|Peter Rankin||17 May 2018|
|Veronica Afrin||29 June 2017|
|Terry Cartwright||15 December 2016|
|Bhikhu Patel||15 October 2015|
|Eric Fazackerley||15 October 2015|
|William Shannon||16 October 2014|
|Jennifer Greenhalgh||16 October 2014|
|Albert Richardson||15 September 2014|
|Michael Onyon||20 October 2011|
|William Tyson||20 October 2011|
|Patricia Ann Woods||21 October 2010|
|Alan Hackett||21 October 2010|
|Harold Parker||15 October 2009|
|Marie Milne||18 October 2007|
|Ian Hall, JP||30 August 2007|
|Joseph Hood CBE JP||31 August 2006|
|Geoffrey Threlfall Swarbrick||30 September 2004|
|Rose Kinsella||18 July 2002|
|Dorothy Chaloner JP||18 July 2002|
|William Nicholas Borrow||18 July 2002|
|Ronald Ball||18 July 2002|
|Richard Atkinson||18 July 2002|
|Henry Richard Evans J.P||12 October 2000|
|Irene Black JP||12 October 2000|
|Mary Rawcliffe||19 May 1994|
|Nancy Taylor||19 May 1994|
|Raymond Henry Greenwood Jones||21 May 1987|
|Ernest William Bunker||27 May 1976|
|Joseph Holden JP||25 March 1974|
|William Beckett OBE MM JP||25 March 1974|